With its superb craftsmanship and materials, a Tabriz belongs to the finest carpets Iran has to offer. They are professionally knotted in carpet factories. Tabriz are also famous for their impressive patterns and designs. The quality of a Tabriz is assessable by its number of Raj (40 Raj to 70 Raj). The more Raj a Tabriz has, the finer it is.
Tabriz is the capital of the province East-Azerbaijan and with about 1,6 million citizens one of the biggest cities of Iran. With superb materials and workmanship, Tabriz carpets belong to the top quality carpets of Iran. They are professionally weaved in carpet-factories, which mainly are located inside of town. But fine carpets are also weaved in the surroundings of Tabris. When talking about Tabris carpets, the term “Raj” recurs. Raj defines the quality of Tabriz carpets. One Raj measures how many knots a row of 70 mm contains and thus defines the fineness of the carpet. A Tabris with 60 Raj has 60 knots at a width of 70 mm respectively about 600.000 knots per square meter. Common types of Tabriz have 40 Raj to 60 Raj. In rare cases, one can find 70 Raj carpets with up to 1.000.000 knots per square meter. Tabriz are knotted with a Turkish knot. Weft and warp consist of cotton, the pile can be made of cork wool, new wool or even silk. The design of Tabriz carpets varies heavily. Common patterns are medallions placed in the center and surrounded by garden and arabesque motives. Another common design is that of a Mahi pattern with a centralized medallion. The colorings of Tabriz carpets are as different as the designs. Next to the Iranian made Tabriz, carpets exist that are hand-knotted in India, the Indo Tabriz. Their designs are patterned on the Iranian ones and their quality is equally high. However, Indian made Tabriz have a lower knot density and thus cost less.