Qashqais, also known as Ghashghai, are descendants of Turkic-speaking nomad tribes, who travelled from Central Asia to Iran and mostly settled in southern Iran. They form a political union along with Kurds, Lurs, Persians and Arabic descent Iranians.
The Qashqai are known for their production of carpets, which is a century old tradition among the Qashqai. Looking from an artisanal point of view, Qashqai carpets are ranked among the finest carpets in South Iran. Even Shiraz carpets of higher quality are labelled as Qashqais. The carpets are knotted with ivory-colored warp threads fully made of wool. Next to Qashqai Gabbehs, the carpets are tied with asymmetrical knots. The weft yarns are red or natural wool colored. The borders are varicolored. Another dominating color is dark blue. Usually, the carpets are produced with “Boteh”, “Herati” or “Hebatlu” motives. Characteristic feature of these motives are hooked diamonds in the corners as well as in the centre. Further, you will find elements of plants and animals throughout the inner field of the carpets. Next to regular carpets and Gabbehs, the Qashqai also produce flat woven fabrics, including big bags (“Mafrash”) and small handknotted saddle bags.