The carpets from and around the holy city of Mashad are very robust knotted. Mashads have inner fields with extensive floral ornaments and usually a centrally placed medallion. Their quality varies from mediocre to premium.
Lying In the north of the province Khorasan, Mashad is the capitol of the province. About 2,7 million inhabitants live in Iran’s most sacred city, which hosts the shrine of Imam Reza. The wool used for manufacturing the carpets is very soft due to the conditions of the landscape in and around Mashad. However, with weft and warp made of cotton, the carpets turn to be very resilient. The quality of the carpets varies between low and high. Mashads are not as fine as other carpets since they are knotted on fixed looms and therefore have lower knots per square meter. The carpets usually own a central medallion, in some cases carpets are knotted without a medallion but with an inner field full of ornaments. The dominating colors are mostly red on the inner field and blue in the borders.
These long lasting carpets are mainly handwoven by kurdish people in the iranian provinces of Khorasan and North-Khorasan. Therefore they are referred to as Kurdi or Kordi carpets. In addition, Kurdi carpets can come from other regions as well, for instance from Western Iran or from the turkmen-afghan region since carpet weaving kurdish tribes have also settled in those areas. The Kurds have spread all over the Orient, which makes a uniform classification of patterns and quality difficult. Nevertheless, they possess two significant properties: Their beauty and robustness. They are woven with various patterns, which still are all characteristic for Kurdi carpets. Herati patterns, medaillons and geometrical forms can be mentioned here as examples. When it comes to colors, the carpets are mainly held in blue and red shades.