For more than one thousand years, carpets are knotted in and out of Hamadan, whereby the term Hamadan is a generic term for a variety of carpets made specifically in that region. Today, antique Hamadans are sought-after. Hamadans are knotted with a Turkish knot. Characteristic features of a Hamadan are medallions and geometric patterns.
The city of Hamadan is located in the Northwest of Iran and is the capitol of the eponymous province. Carpets are knotted for more than one thousand years in this industrial city. Also, Gabbehs are produced in Hamadan. In the market, the term Hamadan is used as a generic term for carpets originating from different areas in the region. The Hamadan carpet family includes carpets such as Bibikabad, Hosseinabad, Lilian, Malayer, Tuserkan and many more. Hamadans were produced in a state-owned manufactury in the past, but they are produced in private carpet factories nowadays. A special feature of Hamadan carpets is the Hamadan binding. This binding works with a Turkish knot. When a row is knotted, the next row will only contain a thick weft, again followed by a row of knots. As for the warp, cotton is used, the weft utilises wool and the pile either wool or camel’s hair. The dominating colors are blue and red as well as yellow sometimes. The patterns differ. A central medallion and geometrical forms occur frequently, occasionally animal or human patterns as well. Antique Hamadans are especially sought due to their higher quality compared to the carpets made today.
During the time, Hamedan has evolved to an industrial city with a lot of spinnings, dye-works and carpet-factories. Since Hamedan is a commercial intersection, carpets are produced in masses in and out of Hamedan. In Hamedan carpets are being produced for over thousand years. In the market the term Hamedan is used for a variety of other carpets. Hamedan also plays a vibrant role in the production of Gabbeh carpets. A special feature of Hamedan carpets is the Hamedan binding. This binding works with a Turkish knot. When a row is knotted, the next row will only contain a thick weft, again followed by a row of knots. As for the warp, cotton is used, the weft utilises wool and the pile either wool or camel’s hair. Dominant colors are blue, red and sometimes green or the natural color of camel’s hair. The motives vary heavily. Usually, the center of a Hamedan contains a medallion as well as human or animalistic figures. Further carpets that can be considered to the Hamedan category of carpets are Bibikabad, Hosseinabad, Khamseh,, Lilian, Malayer,Tuserkan, Zanjan and many more. Today the most sought-after Hamedan are semi-antiques and antiques.
These persian carpets are hand-knotted in the villages surrounding the city of Hamadan in north west of Iran. Therefore, Hosseinabad carpets are considered to be part of the Hamadan carpet family. These are usually made with wool pile on cotton warp which makes the carpets very durable and long-lasting. Their pattern are similar to those of Herati patterns. Their continous designs are interrupted by diamond-shaped central medaillons, yet these medaillons are figuratively balanced through respective gussets in the corners. The predominant colors used are soft red tones, but also soft rose or pink shades.